Croix Des Bouquets, Cap Haitien & Aquin
The Demographic increase of Haiti exerts without any doubt a heavy burden on its youth. The portion of population between 20 and 30 years old ready to join the work force consists in 27.3 percent of the total population.
Because of this demographic problem the Haitian youth are experiencing great difficulties in integrating the social and economic structure of Haiti. 65% of the youth between 20-30 years of age are still dependent on their families.
From an economic perspective, big corporations do not exist anymore in the Country as a whole, and the small and medium businesses are, for practical purposes, non-existant. The informal sector represents 80% of the economic activities.
On the other hand, in the South of Haiti there exists a real potential for economic development that is actually stimulated by the construction of a seaport and the project of construction of an airport in the area of Aquin.
Lastly, the system of education is 80% privatized. The coordination of the curriculum is minimal. The quality of the teaching varies from one school to another. Technical education suffers the most in education quality because of a lack of resources for acquiring good teachers and adequate teaching materials.
The pilot project consists of micro business training named “Classes/Ateliers” in the fields of electro-mechanics and construction.
The objective is to allow youth involved to acquire qualifications and to become practically competent for the “formal” economic market. Thus, they are mentored to their success as real professionals and to their achievement of financial autonomy through the creation of their own businesses.
Organization of the teaching
The teaching includes three important aspects:
- Learning of technical knowledge
- Integration of the different professional components: control of quality, task organization, time management, teamwork, etc.
- Learning of management for entrepreneurship: administrative, financial, commercial management, etc.
An overall organization is taken care of by the creation of a bureau of management in Port-au-Prince that supervises all operations.
Training in Construction
The teaching will be oriented towards training in masonry. It will be held in Aquin.
Training in Electro and Agricultural Mechanics
- First module in general mechanics to be held in Port-au-Prince.
- Second module in agricultural mechanics in Port-au-Prince.
- Third module in electro-mechanics in Aquin.
- Fourth module consists in training teachers for agricultural mechanics. It will take place in Cap Haitien.
Period of Training
From November 15, 2000 to June 2001. The introduction to the classes will be given by the Belgium IFPME Consultant.
7am to 12pm and 2pm to 4pm.
Minimum one week per month; 280 hours for an 8 month period.
After one year of experimentation, corrections or improvement of/for the training modules will be suggested.
Training Approach through a system of induction
The training course, the schedule and the system of advancement will be provided by the IFPME Belgium Consultant and adapted to the Haitian context.
The teacher starts from a practical training in order to discover theory with the students.
Mornings will consist in a total of 5 hours. 2 ½ hours will be consecrated to field work, which will be followed by 1 ½ hours of practice, ½ an hour of theory and ½ an hour of testing.
The afternoon will be spent on real hands-on practice.
By “Classes/Atelier” is meant a diversity of tools, teaching materials and necessary implementations for the training.
External economic support and participation will be needed to cover all the expenses for the equipments and to see the project through.
The partners/coordinators of the project are:
- Le Région Wallonne in Belgium, Division of International Relations, Madame J. Fally, responsible for the Caribbean zone;
Contributions: one APEFE Consultant for 2 years, a four wheel drive vehicle and financing of the technical assistance from the IFPME
- IFPME, Institut de Formation Permanente des PME, a public organization specializing in alternative methods of professional training.
Corinne Stephenne, responsible for the project.
Contribution: technical assistance and on-site training.
- In Haiti , the Sécrétarie d’Etat à la Jeunesse, au Sport et aux Service Civiques which has a training center in Croix des Bouquets
Contribution: official structure of coordination.
- The Société Altech, Monsieur C. Lombart,
water purification project
Contribution: Materials for water purification, serving as the basis for the electro-mechanics training in the Grand Sud, in Aquin
- The ASBL Codéart (ONG) and les Ateliers Ecoles de Camp Perrin, Monsieur Loozen.
Contribution: technical and research assistance
- The ONG Solidarité Socialiste, Monsieur CoeKelberghs
Contribution: aid in the field of cooperation and development, grant writing.
- In Cap Haitien, the Fondation Vincent, a private center for professional training
- In the Grand Sud, Aquin, the ONG, Haitian Resource Development Foundation (HRDF), Dr. Aldy Castor
Contribution: infrastructure start-up and coordination of the project in Aquin
- In the Grand Sud, the town of Aquin,
Contribution: land for the construction of a building