Training of a Group of Haitian Beekeepers Aquin, Haiti
In collaboration with:
- The Ministère Wallon, Belgium de l’Apiculture et de la Ruralité
- Apiculture without borders of Belgium
- Association of beekeepers in the region of Aquin, (Southern Haiti)
- The Haitian Resource Development Foundation
The region of Aquin, located in the Southern area of Haiti, was always prosperous for beekeeping production. However, the environmental degradation brought about a sharp decrease of beekeeping activities. The objective of this project was to rehabilitate and maximize the number of trees through pollinization. The actual rate of pollinization in the area of Aquin was estimated by Professor Noel Michel to be very insufficient for pollinization in general.
There actually exists 41 beekeepers in the region of Aquin with a livestock of less than 1500 beehives. The beehives located in boxes that produce less than 5 kilograms of honey per beehive per year. This program, through modernization of techniques and material, will sharply increase the number of beehives and the production of honey from 5 kilograms to 30-50 kilograms per beehive per year. In the mean time, it will help reforest the region of Aquin.
Apiculture without borders has scientifically proven that bees are indispensable in any reforestation project because they are the pollinator agents by excellence. The bee intervenes in 80% of the pollinization process. “If the bee happens to disappear in the next 50 years”, said Einstein, “50,000 animal and vegetable species will also disappear”. “When the bee begin to disappear”, added Professor Michel, “nature itself is in danger”.
The theoretical and practical classes were given by Professor Noel Michel, an engineer and agriculture specialist. The classes covered subjects relating to the improvement of beekeeping techniques. Professor Michel is a researcher and an expert in the field of selection and disease of bees. He has published many articles in most of the apiculture magazines of Europe. Former National President of Apiculture of Belgium, Professor Michel is teaching apiculture in the Centre d’Etudes et de Formation de Mons, Belgium. He is also the founder and president of Apiculture Without Borders. The objective of Apiculture Without Borders is to establish apicultural structures, in Developing Countries, through practical, theoretical and scientific seminars.
41 beekeepers in the region of Aquin (southern Haiti) were taught during a two-month seminar by Professor Michel:
- The techniques of beehives construction adapted to the local bees
- The purchasing of bee colonies and populating of beehives
- The installation of the experimental beehives
Establishment of a school of apiculture with didactical and audio-visual materials, a small lab, a nursery and a station for the selection of the local bees.
Mass selection, biometry testing and artificial insemination.
Census, analysis of the essence produced by the local bees and creation of a database of pollens in function to the topography and the geography of Southern Haiti.